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J Lipid Mediat Cell Signal. 1995 Jul;12(1):59-76.

Phospholipids with a short acyl chain modulate phospholipase and acyltransferase activities.

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Central Laboratory of Biophysics, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia.


1-Acyl lysophosphatidylcholine prepared from egg yolk has been chemically reacylated to form decanoyl, dodecanoyl, myristoyl and palmitoyl derivatives of phosphatidylcholine. The liposomes formed by these semi-synthetic phospholipids have been characterized by calorimetry, X-ray diffraction and fluorescence probe methods. Asymmetric phosphatidylcholines tend to promote formation of excimers of a codispersed fluorescent phospholipid (1-palmitoyl-sn-2-(1-pyrenedecanoyl)-L-alpha-phosphatidic acid) (2 mol%). Excimer formation is correlated with the rate of hydrolysis of the fluorescent anionic phospholipid by Crotalus venom phospholipase A2. Codispersion with the semi-synthetic phosphatidylcholine of cholesterol or unsaturated fluid lecithin modulated both excimer formation and the susceptibility of the fluorescent probe to hydrolysis by venom phospholipase A2 at 22 degrees C. Similar results were obtained with hydrolysis of a radiolabelled substrate, 1-palmitoyl-sn-2-[1-14C]linoleoylphosphatidylethanolamine, codispersed with the semi-synthetic phosphatidylcholine. Enrichment of rat hepatocyte plasma membranes with semi-synthetic asymmetric phosphatidylcholines was mediated by incubation of membranes with phospholipid dispersions in the presence of a phospholipid exchange protein. Enrichment of the membranes with semi-synthetic phosphatidylcholines of between 30 and 60% of the membrane phosphatidylcholine was achieved. The resulting alteration of the biomembrane is associated with a decreased activity of endogenous membrane phospholipase A2 acting on extramembranous radiolabelled substrate vesicles. By contrast, the activity of acyl-CoA:lysophospholipid acyltransferase is increased in membranes enriched with highly asymmetric phospholipids.

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