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Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Oct;152(4 Pt 1):1170-4.

Regular formoterol treatment in mild asthma. Effect on bronchial responsiveness during and after treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Thoracic Medicine, National Heart & Lung Institute, London, United Kingdom.

Abstract

Regular beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist therapy may lead to a rebound increase in bronchial responsiveness on discontinuation of therapy and a reduction in bronchoprotective effects. Formoterol, a long-acting beta 2-agonist, is effective in single doses in the prevention of methacholine-induced bronchoconstriction. In a double-blind, placebo-controlled cross-over study, we examined the effect of an inhaled long-acting beta 2-adrenoceptor agonist, formoterol (24 micrograms twice a day) for 2 wk on airway function and responsiveness in 17 subjects with mild asthma (mean age, 26.3 +/- 1.4 yr) who were not taking inhaled glucocorticosteroids. FEV1 and the provocative concentration of methacholine causing a 20% fall in FEV1 (PC20) were measured at 36, 60, and 108 h and at 2 wk after the last dose of regular treatment. In addition, PC20 was measured 12 h after the first and the last dose of formoterol and placebo. PC20 values at 36, 60, and 108 h and at 2 wk after formoterol treatment cessation were not significantly different from those after placebo. Mean FEV1 was 3.44 +/- 0.18 L after placebo compared with 3.79 +/- 0.20 L after formoterol (p < 0.001) 12 h after the first dose, and mean PC20 was 0.53 (GSEM 1.4) mg/ml after placebo compared with 2.0 (GSEM 1.4) mg/ml after formoterol (p < 0.001). After 2 wk of regular treatment, mean FEV1 at 12 h after the final dose of formoterol fell to 3.51 +/- 0.23 L compared with 3.41 +/- 0.18 L after the final dose of placebo (p = 0.03).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
7551366
DOI:
10.1164/ajrccm.152.4.7551366
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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