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Acta Paediatr. 1995 Jul;84(7):791-4.

CPAP treatment of obstructive sleep apnoea and neurodevelopmental deficits.

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1
Jacobo Lichtmann Apnoea Investigation Unit, Department of Paediatrics, Bnai Zion Medical Centre, Haifa, Israel.

Abstract

Four boys aged 6-16 years with neurodevelopmental deficits were treated with CPAP for obstructive sleep apnoea. Their diagnoses were: Obesity with mild mental retardation, (2) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, (3) epilepsy associated with left hemiparesis and (4) mild mental retardation due to fragile X syndrome. Previous therapeutic attempts, including adenotonsillectomy, amitriptyline and methylphenidate in our patients prior to CPAP treatment were unsuccessful. A follow-up period of 12-48 months demonstrated a number of clinical benefits such as improvement in sleep quality and daily arousal, and a decrease in the frequency of seizures and episodes of pneumonia. Polysomnographic studies indicated a significant improvement in sleep parameters such as apnoea frequency, awakenings, sleep efficiency and arterial oxygen saturation. Side effects were mild and readily alleviated. CPAP is a feasible therapeutic intervention in intractable obstructive sleep apnoea of childhood, even when associated with neurodevelopmental deficits.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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