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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1995 Sep 27;1252(1):28-34.

Production and characterization of recombinant human proteinase inhibitor 6 expressed in Pichia pastoris.

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Department of Medicine, Monash Medical School, Box Hill, Australia.


The human intracellular serine proteinase inhibitor, proteinase inhibitor 6 (PI-6), was expressed in the methylotropic yeast Pichia pastoris. The PI-6 cDNA was modified to encode six histidine residues immediately after the initiation codon, and was placed under the control of the P. pastoris alcohol oxidase promoter in the vector pHIL-D2. On the methanol induction, active recombinant PI-6 was produced within the yeast cells, and following cell lysis, was separated from yeast proteins by affinity chromatography using nickel nitrilo-tri-acetic acid (NTA) resin. The interaction of recombinant PI-6 with a range of serine proteinases was studied. Second order association rate constants (ka) were derived for the interaction with trypsin (1.8 x 10(6) M-1 s-1), thrombin (1.2 x 10(5) M-1 s-1), urokinase plasminogen activator (4.0 x 10(4) M-1 s-1), plasmin (1.3 x 10(6) M-1 s-1), and activated protein C (7.5 x 10(3) M-1 s-1). By monitoring complex formation, recombinant PI-6 was also shown to interact with factor Xa. No complex formation was observed with chymotrypsin, human leukocyte elastase, cathepsin G and tissue plasminogen activator, although PI-6 is apparently a substrate for chymotrypsin, leukocyte elastase and cathepsin G.

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