Send to

Choose Destination
Biochemistry. 1995 Oct 3;34(39):12576-83.

Phosphorylation on threonine-18 of the regulatory light chain dissociates the ATPase and motor properties of smooth muscle myosin II.

Author information

Department of Cell Biology and Anatomy, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA.


We cloned the full-length cDNA for the cytoplasmic myosin II regulatory light chain (RLC) from a stage 1-2 Xenopus oocyte library. The Xenopus RLC is 94% identical to the chicken smooth muscle myosin RLC. All of the protein kinase C and myosin light chain kinase phosphorylation sites are conserved. Using trifluoperazine [Trybus, K. M., Waller, G. S., & Chatman, T. A. (1994) J. Cell Biol. 124, 963-969], we removed the RLC of smooth muscle myosin and replaced it with recombinant Xenopus RLCs. The wild-type Xenopus RLC substitutes for the gizzard RLC in actin-activated ATPase and in vitro motility assays. We made alanine substitutions of the two residues phosphorylated by myosin light chain kinase, Ser-19 and Thr-18. All of the myosin hybrids, regardless of their mutations or phosphorylation, have similar K+EDTA ATPase activities. As expected, the T18A, S19A hybrid had no actin-activated ATPase, whereas the T18A hybrid phosphorylated on Ser-19 had an actin-activated ATPase similar to that of wild-type hybrids phosphorylated only on Ser-19. The actin-activated ATPase of myosin phosphorylated only on Thr-18 is approximately 15-fold lower than that of myosin phosphorylated on Ser-19. Phosphorylation of either Ser-19 or Thr-18 permits the formation of filaments. Remarkably, in the gliding filament assay, myosin phosphorylated only on Thr-18 moves actin filaments at velocities similar to myosin phosphorylated on Ser-19 or both Thr-18 and Ser-19.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center