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Biochemistry. 1995 Sep 19;34(37):12048-58.

Regulation of interprotein electron transfer by Trp 191 of cytochrome c peroxidase.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093-0317, USA.


Cytochrome c peroxidase (CcP) reacts with peroxide to form compound I, an intermediate that has an oxy-ferryl iron center and a stable indolyl radical at Trp 191. During the normal catalytic cycle, the oxy-ferryl heme and the Trp 191 radical are reduced by sequential electron transfers from ferrous cytochrome c (Cc). To investigate the role of protein structure in these electron transfer reactions, mutagenesis was used to replace Trp 191 with Phe. The Trp 191-->Phe enzyme [CcP(MI,F191)] reacts with peroxide to form an oxy-ferryl iron center and a transient porphyrin radical. The reaction of Cc from horse and yeast with peroxide-oxidized CcP(MI,F191) was characterized under transient and steady-state conditions. The rate of ET from Cc to the oxy-ferryl heme of CcP(MI,F191) was decreased by at least 10,000-fold relative to the CcP(MI) parent. This effect was observed at 20 and 100 mM ionic strength, with both yeast and horse cytochrome c as the substrate. Thus, Trp 191 is a critical component of all pathways that permit rapid reduction of the oxy-ferryl heme by Cc under these conditions. The reaction of the porphyrin radical with Cc was difficult to characterize, owing to the short half-life of this intermediate. The oxidation of Cc by this intermediate had a maximum rate constant of 32 s-1 at pH 6.0, 25 degrees C. Circumstantial evidence suggests that the porphyrin radical is not directly reduced by Cc, but is instead reduced via a protein-based radical intermediate. The steady-state activity of the mutant enzyme was 300-600-fold lower than the CcP(MI) parent, but kcat is 7-20 times greater than the rate constant for reduction of the oxy-ferryl heme under all conditions examined. Thus, the oxy-ferryl heme is not reduced to the ferric state under steady-state conditions. Transient changes in the absorption spectrum further indicate that steady-state oxidation of Cc2+ by CcP(MI,F191) occurs via reaction of peroxide with the oxy-ferryl enzyme.

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