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Br J Ophthalmol. 1995 Aug;79(8):756-9.

Excimer retreatment for scarring and regression after photorefractive keratectomy for myopia.

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Sydney Refractive Surgery Centre, St Leonards, New South Wales, Australia.



Scarring associated with regression of refractive effect can occur after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for myopia. The experience of treating these complications is reported.


Eighteen of 285 eyes (6.3%) were retreated with the excimer laser. Age, sex, preoperative primary treatment keratometry, pre-primary treatment, pre-retreatment and post-retreatment spherical equivalents, best corrected and uncorrected visual acuities were recorded and analysed.


At 6 months post-retreatment, the mean spherical equivalent was -2.07 dioptres (D) (SD 4.60 D). This spherical equivalent persisted in eyes followed for 12 months (-2.85D, SD 4.09 D). Nine of 18 eyes (50%) had uncorrected visual acuity of 6/12 (20/40) or better. If retreatment was undertaken within 6.5 months of the initial PRK, then scarring was likely to recur (p = 0.035). Nine of 10 eyes (90%) which had a retreatment spherical equivalent less than two thirds of their primary treatment spherical equivalent were within plus or minus 1.25D from emmetropia after retreatment. Four of 11 eyes (36%) followed for 12 months after retreatment rescarred with further regression.


The data showed that eyes with scarring and regression of myopia should not be treated with PRK within 6 months of the initial procedure. Eyes with the highest percentage of regression towards their initial myopia tend to have a poor response to retreatment.

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