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Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol. 1995 Oct;13(4):410-7.

Eicosanoid production in rabbit tracheal epithelium by adenine nucleotides: mediation by P2-purinoceptors.

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Department of Medicine, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19140, USA.


Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) acting through epithelial nucleotide receptors exerts multiple physiologic actions on airway mucociliary clearance and caliber. However, the effect of ATP on arachidonate metabolism in the airway remains unknown. In this study, the ability of ATP to regulate eicosanoid production was studied in vitro in full-thickness rabbit tracheal strips and separately in rabbit epithelial explant cultures. In the freshly isolated strips, ATP increased prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) release in a dose-dependent fashion, with an activation threshold at 10 microM ATP and a 3.5-fold increase in PGE2 output at 1 mM ATP. Epithelium removal decreased 1 mM ATP-evoked PGE2 release by 68%. Reverse-phase, high-pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) of media from 3H-arachidonic acid-incubated epithelial explants exposed to 1 mM ATP demonstrated increased output of the cyclooxygenase products PGE2 and prostaglandin F2a (PGF2a). Other identifiable eicosanoids did not increase. The concentration-response for ATP-induced PGE2 release by explants was similar to that of tracheal strips. PGE2 release by 1 mM ATP was 27% of that elicited by ionomycin (10 microM) and was markedly inhibited by indomethacin (10 microM). Purinoceptor agonist-stimulated PGE2 release by the epithelium yielded a rank order of potency of uridine triphosphate (UTP) > or = ATP > 2-methylthio-ATP (2MeSATP) >> alpha,beta-methyleneadenosine-5'-triphosphate (AMP-CPP) > or = adenosine. These results indicate that ATP, acting primarily through an epithelial P2-purinoceptor similar to the P2a subtype, stimulates eicosanoid metabolism in rabbit airway epithelium via the cyclooxygenase pathway, producing PGE2 as the predominant species.

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