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Neuron. 1995 Sep;15(3):729-37.

Synergistic regulation of a neuronal chloride current by intracellular calcium and muscarinic receptor activation: a role for protein kinase C.

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Department of Pharmacology, University College London, England.


Using perforated patch recordings in combination with intracellular Ca2+ ([Ca2+]i) fluorescence measurements, we have identified a delayed Ca(2+)-dependent Cl- current in a mammalian sympathetic ganglion cell. This Cl- current is induced by the synergistic action of Ca2+ and diacylglycerol (DAG) and is blocked by inhibitors of protein kinase C. As a result, the current can be induced by acetylcholine through the conjoint activation of nicotinic receptors (to produce a rise in [Ca2+]i) and muscarinic receptors (to generate DAG). This demonstrates an unusual form of synergism between the two effects of a single transmitter mediated via separate receptors operating within a time scale that could be of physiological significance.

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