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Neuron. 1995 Sep;15(3):689-96.

Calcium-dependent transmitter secretion from fibroblasts: modulation by synaptotagmin I.

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Department of Biological Sciences, Columbia University, New York, New York 10027, USA.


Following endocytic uptake of acetylcholine (ACh), CHO fibroblasts exhibit Ca(2+)-dependent spontaneous quantal ACh release and depolarization-evoked ACh release, as detected by a whole-cell voltage-clamped myocyte in contact with the fibroblast. CHO fibroblasts transfected with synaptotagmin I, an integral membrane protein of synaptic vesicles, showed a reduced spontaneous quantal ACh release and an enhanced Ca(2+)-evoked ACh release, as compared with control cells. Biochemical and ultrastructural studies of endocytic activity using horseradish peroxidase as a marker further confirmed the inhibitory action of synaptotagmin I on spontaneous vesicular exocytosis and on elevated exocytosis induced by Ca2+. Through inhibition of exocytosis at the resting intracellular concentration of Ca2+ and removal of the inhibition upon depolarization-induced Ca2+ entry, synaptotagmin I could enhance the efficiency of excitation-secretion coupling.

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