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J Biol Chem. 1995 Sep 22;270(38):22632-8.

Association of 75/80-kDa phosphoproteins and the tyrosine kinases Lyn, Fyn, and Lck with the B cell molecule CD20. Evidence against involvement of the cytoplasmic regions of CD20.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.


CD20, a non-glycosylated cell-surface protein expressed exclusively on B lymphocytes, is one of a family of 4-pass transmembrane molecules that also includes the beta chain of the high affinity receptor for IgE. The precise function of CD20 is unknown, although in vitro effects of CD20-specific antibodies on resting B cells indicate that it is able to transduce an extracellular signal affecting the G0/G1 cell cycle transition. Previous studies have demonstrated that CD20-initiated intracellular signals involve tyrosine kinase activation and that CD20 is tightly associated with both serine and tyrosine kinases. Here, analysis of CD20-associated molecules has revealed that CD20 is associated with the Src family tyrosine kinases p56/53lyn, p56lck, and p59fyn and with 75/80-kDa proteins phosphorylated in vivo on tyrosine residues. Mutagenesis of CD20 was performed to define regions of CD20 involved in intermolecular interactions. Mutants were analyzed in the human T lymphoblastoid cell line Molt-4, in which ectopically expressed wild-type CD20 associated with p59fyn, p56lck, and 75/80-kDa phosphoproteins. Deletion of major portions of the cytoplasmic regions of CD20 did not abolish its association with either p75/80 or tyrosine kinases. The interaction between CD20 and the Src-related kinases is therefore likely to be independent of CD20 cytoplasmic domains and may occur indirectly. The interaction may be mediated by the p75/80 phosphoproteins, which were found to be tightly associated with the Src family kinases isolated from the CD20 complex.

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