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Cytokine. 1995 Apr;7(3):267-72.

IL-8 and angiogenesis: evidence that human endothelial cells lack receptors and do not respond to IL-8 in vitro.

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Molecular Cardiobiology Program, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06536-0812, USA.


It has been established that IL-8 triggers angiogenesis in vivo, but this effect may be mediated either by IL-8-recruited leukocytes or by direct actions of IL-8 upon endothelial cells (EC). We have approached this question by examining interactions of recombinant human IL-8 with cultured large vessel and microvascular human EC. We are unable to detect specific IL-8 binding to cultured human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) or leukocyte-like IL-8 receptor mRNA expression by either cultured HUVEC or human dermal microvascular endothelial cells (DMEC). We find no alteration of cytoplasmic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in either cell type in response to IL-8 treatment. Finally, we find no IL-8-induced change in EC proliferative rates in the presence or absence of endothelial cell growth factor. Our data favour an indirect action for IL-8 as an angiogenic factor.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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