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J Med Chem. 1995 Aug 4;38(16):3106-20.

Novel, potent, and orally active substance P antagonists: synthesis and antagonist activity of N-benzylcarboxamide derivatives of pyrido[3,4-b]pyridine.

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Pharmaceutical Research Division, Takeda Chemical Industries, Ltd., Osaka, Japan.


A series of 4-phenylisoquinolone derivatives were synthesized and evaluated for NK1 (substance P) antagonist activity. Highly potent antagonists, 4-phenyl-3-isoquinolone-N-benzylcarboxamides (11), were discovered from the structure-activity relationship studies on the isoquinolone-urea lead 1a. Optimization of the activity in this series resulted in the development of 5-phenyl-6-pyrido[3,4-b]pyridine-N-benzylcarboxamides (30) which are highly potent orally active NK1 antagonists. Among the compounds synthesized, N-[3,5-bis(trifluoromethyl)benzyl]-7,8-dihydro-N,7-dimethyl-8-oxo-5- (substituted phenyl)-6-pyrido[3,4-b]pyridinecarboxamides (30a,f,g) showed excellent antagonist activities with IC50 values (in vitro inhibition of [125I]-BH-SP binding in human IM-9 cells) of 0.21-0.34 nM and ED50 values (in vivo inhibition of capsaicin-induced plasma extravasation in guinea-pig trachea, iv) of 0.017-0.030 mg/kg. These compounds exhibited significantly potent activity upon oral administration with ED50 values of 0.068-0.17 mg/kg. Conformational studies on 30g indicated that the two stable conformers of 30g are quite similar to those of CP-99,994.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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