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Eur J Pharmacol. 1995 Apr 13;277(1):45-9.

ATP-sensitive K+ channels mediate regulation of substance P release via the prejunctional histamine H3 receptor.

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Department of Pharmacology, Fukuoka Dental College, Japan.


Perfusion of histamine (10(-3) M) elicited a significant increase of immunoreactive substance P release in the subcutaneous perfusate in the rat hindpaw. The active L-enantiomer of cromakalim, lemakalim (50 micrograms/kg, i.v.), a selective K+ channel activator, significantly inhibited the immunoreactive substance P release. Glibenclamide (10 mg/kg, i.v.), an ATP-sensitive K+ channel blocker, abolished the response to lemakalim on the release of immunoreactive substance P. R(-)-alpha-methylhistamine (1 mg/kg, i.v.), a specific histamine H3 receptor agonist, significantly inhibited the release of immunoreactive substance P. Glibenclamide (10 mg/kg, i.v.) antagonized the inhibitory effect of R(-)-alpha-methylhistamine. Tetraethylammonium (10 mg/kg, i.p.), a K+ channel blocker, also reduced the inhibitory effect significantly. These results suggest that the inhibition of substance P release from sensory nerve endings via prejunctional histamine H3 receptors may be achieved by activating the ATP-sensitive K+ channel coupled to the histamine H3 receptor in the rat skin.

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