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Scand J Immunol. 1995 Jul;42(1):166-70.

Gliadin-specific T cell responses in peripheral blood of healthy individuals involve T cells restricted by the coeliac disease associated DQ2 heterodimer.

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1
Institute of Transplantation Immunology, University of Oslo, Norway.

Abstract

Coeliac disease (CD) is probably caused by an abnormal immune response towards wheat gliadin in the small intestine. We found that gliadin-specific T cells from the small intestinal mucosa of HLA-DQ2 positive CD patients were almost exclusively restricted by the disease-associated DQ2 molecule. In the peripheral blood of CD patients, a large proportion of gliadin-specific T cells were found to be restricted by DQ molecules, including DQ2, but many were instead restricted by DR or DP molecules of the patient. We have now investigated gliadin-specific T cell responses in peripheral blood from healthy individuals. Four of 20 persons tested had strong in vitro responses and were used as donors for gliadin-specific T cell clones. We found gliadin-specific T cells restricted by the CD-associated DQ2 molecule in peripheral blood for two of these four individuals. It is the presence of such T cells also in the small intestinal mucosa which seems typical of CD.

PMID:
7543212
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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