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J Immunol Methods. 1995 Jul 17;184(1):53-62.

Measurement of methemoglobin formation from oxyhemoglobin. A real-time, continuous assay of nitric oxide release by human polymorphonuclear leukocytes.

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1
Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm Söder Hospital, Sweden.

Abstract

We have evaluated the spectrophotometric measurement (at 401 vs. 411 nm) of nitric oxide (NO)-dependent methemoglobin formation from oxyhemoglobin in order to assess NO release from human polymorphonuclear neutrophil leukocytes (PMN). S-nitroso-D,L-acetyl-penicillamine (SNAP, 25-200 microM), a donor of NO, induced a dose-dependent methemoglobin formation. Furthermore, when PMN were activated with N-formyl-methionylleucyl-phenylalanine or phorbol myristate acetate in the presence of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase, methemoglobin formation ensued. The amount of methemoglobin formed was dependent on the amounts of oxyhemoglobin and stimulus used, and the number of PMN in the assay. The NO synthase (NOS) inhibitors NG-monomethyl-L-arginine or nitro-L-arginine methyl ester did not affect methemoglobin generation from oxyhemoglobin induced by SNAP but inhibited that mediated by activated PMN with IC50 values of 250 microM and 340 microM, respectively. The substrate for NO formation from NOS, L-arginine in concentrations up to 1 mM did not significantly influence the methemoglobin formation either induced by SNAP or activated PMN. Exclusion of SOD did not affect SNAP-dependent oxidation of oxyhemoglobin. Exclusion of SOD from the cell-containing system attenuated methemoglobin formation, and if catalase was also excluded the response was further reduced. Finally, PMN from a patient with X-linked chronic granulomatous disease, unable to produce superoxide anions, showed a similar production of methemoglobin from HbO2 as did healthy PMN, activated with the respective agonists. We conclude that spectrophotometric measurement of methemoglobin formation from oxyhemoglobin in the presence of SOD and catalase is a suitable method for the measurement of NO release from PMN, with the benefits of a real-time, continuous assay.

PMID:
7542684
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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