Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Mar;114(6):1317-23.

Delayed circulatory failure due to the induction of nitric oxide synthase by lipoteichoic acid from Staphylococcus aureus in anaesthetized rats.

Author information

1
William Harvey Research Institute, St. Bartholomew's Hospital Medical College, London.

Abstract

1. This study investigates the effect of lipoteichoic acid (LTA) from the cell wall of Staphylococcus aureus, a micro-organism without endotoxin, on haemodynamics and induction of nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in the anaesthetized rat. 2. Intravenous injection of LTA (10 mg kg-1) resulted in a decrease in blood pressure from 123 +/- 1 mmHg to 83 +/- 7 mmHg after 270 min (P < 0.001) and a reduction of the pressor response to noradrenaline (1 microgram kg-1) from 33 +/- 1 mmHg.min to 23 +/- 3 mmHg.min after 270 min (P < 0.05). 3. The delayed circulatory failure (hypotension and vascular hyporeactivity) caused by LTA was prevented by pretreatment of rats with dexamethasone (10 mg kg-1, 60 min prior to LTA) or the nitric oxide synthase inhibitor NG-monomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA, 10 mg kg-1 h-1, i.v. infusion starting 30 min prior to LTA). 4. In contrast, treatment of rats with polymyxin B (0.05 mg kg-1), an agent which binds endotoxin (lipopolysaccharides, LPS), did not affect the delayed circulatory failure caused by LTA. Polymyxin B, however, attenuated the hypotension and vascular hyporeactivity to noradrenaline afforded by endotoxaemia (2 mg kg-1 LPS, i.v.) for 270 min. 5. The delayed circulatory failure caused by LTA was associated with a time-dependent increase in (i) the expression of iNOS protein in the lung (Western blot analysis), and (ii) iNOS activity. This increase in iNOS protein and activity was prevented by pretreatment of LTA-rats with dexamethasone (10 mg kg-1). 6. Intravenous injection of LTA resulted in an increase in serum tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha(maximum at 90 min after LTA), which was attenuated by pretreatment of rats with dexamethasone(10 mg kg-1, 60 min prior to LTA). The magnitude of the rise in TNF-alpha caused by LTA was similar to the one elicited by LPS (10mgkg-', i.v.).7. Thus, an enhanced formation of nitric oxide following the induction of iNOS contributes importantly to the delayed vascular failure (hypotension and vascular hyporeactivity) caused by LTA in the anaesthetized rat. We suggest that the endogenous release of TNF-alpha contributes to the induction ofiNOS caused by LTA in vivo.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center