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Neuron. 1995 Jun;14(6):1257-64.

Tubulin dynamics in neuronal axons of living zebrafish embryos.

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  • 1Department of Anatomy and Cell Biology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.

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  • Neuron 1995 Aug;15(2):following 484.


The mechanism of cytoskeletal protein transport, especially the question of what kind of form the cytoskeletal proteins assume during transport in neurons in situ, has been an important, as yet unsettled issue. To clear up this matter, we adopted the embryonic zebrafish as a living animal model and applied the fluorescence recovery after photobleaching (FRAP) method. The zebrafish embryo is appropriate for this kind of study because of its transparency during the early developmental stage, allowing the observation of neurons that incorporate the microinjected fluorescent tubulin directly under fluorescence microscopy. FRAP revealed no movement of the bleached zone proximodistally, where fluorescence recovered gradually (recovery half-time, 44.2 +/- 11.2 min; n = 36), suggesting that the polymers are stationary but dynamic and that the true moving form could be small oligomers or heterodimers.

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