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J Immunol. 1995 Jul 1;155(1):118-27.

Antigen-presenting T cells induce the development of cytotoxic CD4+ T cells. I. Involvement of the CD80-CD28 adhesion molecules.

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Institute of Immunology and Allergology, Inselspital, Bern, Switzerland.


The development of cytotoxic CD4+ T lymphocytes that can kill target cells in a MHC class II-restricted manner was evaluated by comparing different APCs. B-lymphoblasts (B-LCL) pulsed with the superantigen staphylococcus enterotoxin B or allogeneic B-lymphoblasts induce CD4+ T cells without cytotoxic activity. In contrast, superantigen-pulsed, MHC class II+ T cell blasts or allogeneic T cell blasts preferentially induce the development of specific, MHC class II-restricted CD4+ cytotoxic effector cells. CD4+ T cell clones generated with T or B cell blasts as APCs (T- or B-APCs) differ in their cytolytic potential, but secrete a similar cytokine pattern. Our data implicate that activated T-APCs preferentially induce a cytotoxic, CD8+ and CD4+ T cell response. Because the density of CD80 expression is lower on activated T-APCs than on B-APCs, we studied the involvement of CD28 and CD80 adhesion molecules in the generation of CD4+ CTLs. Partial blockade of the CD80 molecule with a CTLA4-Ig fusion protein and with specific anti-CD80 mAbs on B-APCs enhanced the generation of CD4+ CTLs. Specific anti-CD86 mAbs, on the contrary, had no effect on the generation of CD4+ CTLs. In contrast, stimulation of CD28, the CD80 counter-receptor, with a cross-linked B7-Ig fusion protein or with an anti-CD28 mAb, inhibited the generation of CD4+ CTLs. Thus, a reduced interaction between CD80 and CD28 may be relevant for the induction of CD4+ CTLs. This shows a new and not yet described function of these adhesion molecules. This induction of a cytotoxic immune response by T cells as APCs may be relevant for the anticlonotypic regulation of T cells and for the depletion of CD4+ T cells in HIV infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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