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Int Immunol. 1995 Mar;7(3):449-57.

IL-5 production by CD4+ T cells of asthmatic patients is suppressed by glucocorticoids and the immunosuppressants FK506 and cyclosporin A.

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Department of Medicine and Physical Therapy, University of Tokyo, Japan.


IL-5 was produced in vitro by peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) of mite-sensitive atopic patients upon challenge with specific allergen, while PBMC of healthy controls produced essentially no IL-5. Stimuli delivered by the combination of phorbol ester and Ca2+ ionophore induced marked IL-5 production by PBMC obtained from atopic and non-atopic asthmatics, suggesting that both protein kinase C and Ca2+ influx are required for IL-5 production. CD2- or CD4-bearing cell depletion almost completely removed IL-5-producing cells while CD8-bearing cell depletion rather enriched them. These findings indicate that CD4+ T cells are the principal source of IL-5 in PBMC. The capacity of PBMC of atopic asthmatics, non-atopic asthmatics and healthy controls to produce IL-2, IL-4, IL-5 and IFN-gamma was compared, to find that cytokine-producing capacities other than that of IL-5 (IL-2, IL-4 and IFN-gamma) were not significantly different among the three groups. Dexamethasone, FK506 and cyclosporin A suppressed IL-5 production in vitro in a dose-dependent manner. Clear dose-dependent suppression of IL-5 gene expression by FK506 was also observed. Treatment of asthmatic patients with inhaled glucocorticoid (beclomethasone dipropionate) ameliorated clinical symptoms, improved lung function and markedly suppressed IL-5 production by PBMC, suggesting the essential role of IL-5 in the pathogenesis of bronchial asthma and the clinical importance of its regulation.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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