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Am J Clin Pathol. 1995 Jun;103(6):756-60.

Cyclin D1 expression in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. Detection by immunohistochemistry.

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Department of Pathology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston 02114, USA.


Cyclin D1/PRAD1 (bcl-1) is a recently discovered proto-oncogene that is overexpressed in mantle cell lymphomas and several other human tumors. In a previous study, the authors demonstrated expression of cyclin D1 in 15 of 15 cases of mantle cell lymphoma and 1 of 8 cases of B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) using a polyclonal antibody and microwave enhanced immunohistochemical staining method on paraffin-embedded tissue sections. In this study, 107 additional B- and T-cell neoplasms were studied, including 47 cases of high grade lymphoma (33 diffuse large B-cell type, 9 Burkitt and Burkitt-like, 4 precursor T-lymphoblastic lymphoma, and 1 adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia), 38 additional cases of low grade B-cell lymphoma (18 CLL, 15 hairy cell leukemia and 5 mantle cell lymphoma), and 22 plasmacytomas for expression of cyclin D1 using the same immunohistochemical staining technique. All cases of mantle cell lymphoma showed diffuse nuclear staining. No additional cases of CLL showed cyclin D1 expression. In contrast, 1 of 15 hairy cell leukemias and 1 of 22 plasmacytomas showed cyclin D1 staining. None of the high grade lymphomas demonstrated expression of cyclin D1 protein by immunostaining, including three cases of large B-cell lymphoma that coexpressed CD5. The authors conclude that cyclin D1 is expressed in all cases of mantle cell lymphoma, and only in very rare cases of B-CLL, hairy cell leukemia and plasmacytoma/myeloma. Cyclin D1 does not appear to play an important role in high grade lymphomas. In addition, most CD5 positive high grade B-cell lymphomas do not express cyclin D1, and are not likely to be derived from mantle cell lymphoma or other lymphomas with t(11;14).

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