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Ann Thorac Surg. 1995 Jun;59(6):1441-7.

Univentricular heart with systemic outflow obstruction: palliation by primary Damus procedure.

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Heart Unit, Birmingham Children's Hospital, England.


In 24 consecutive infants (19 male and 5 female) with complex forms of single-ventricle physiology and systemic outflow obstruction, a modified Damus operation without the use of exogenous material was undertaken in conjunction with creation of an aortopulmonary shunt 3.5 mm in diameter. The median age at operation was 6 days (range, 1 to 170 days) and the median weight, 3.4 kg (range, 2.6 to 4.6 kg). There were nine early deaths. All 15 survivors (median follow-up, 6.5 months) were clinically well without major systemic ventricular dysfunction or atrioventricular or arterial valve regurgitation. Ten of them have undergone a superior vena cava-pulmonary shunt (one death), and 1 has required patch angioplasty of the aortic arch and innominate artery with revision of the aortopulmonary shunt. The 4 other survivors are awaiting a cavopulmonary shunt. Univariate analysis yielded the chronologic rank for an individual procedure (higher risk of death early in the series), presence of aortic arch atresia, and presence or absence of transposition of the great arteries as predictors of death. This aggressive surgical approach provides excellent early palliation, and because the operation prevents abnormal ventricular hypertrophy from pressure or volume overload, systemic ventricular function is optimally conserved for a future Fontan-type procedure.

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