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Tissue Antigens. 1995 Mar;45(3):203-12.

RG1, a new murine monoclonal antibody recognizing a "supertypic" determinant on HLA-A molecules.

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Department of Pediatric Research, National Hospital, Oslo, Norway.


Monomorphic and polymorphic anti-HLA monoclonal antibodies (mAb) are valuable reagents for assessment of the structural and functional importance of different class I determinants. We have generated a new mAb, RG1, reacting with an epitope variably expressed on normal and leukemic hematopoietic cells of different lineages. Immunoprecipitation of the RG1 antigen disclosed a bimolecular complex characteristic of class I proteins. The RG1 epitope was expressed on an HLA-A2 transfected cell line but not on cells transfected with HLA-E, -F or -G molecules. MAb reactivity with reference B-lymphoblastoid cell lines and HLA typing of RG1 reactive and unreactive cells demonstrated that the epitope was expressed in conjunction with defined HLA-A molecules. Cells expressing HLA-A2, -A24(9) and -A68(28) proteins were brightly stained with RG1 whereas mAb binding to HLA-A1, -A11 and a split of A3 molecules was significantly lower. In contrast, the RG1 epitope was apparently not expressed on HLA-A23(9), -A25(10), -A26(10), -A29(19), -A30(19), -A31(19), -A32(19), -A33(19) and some HLA-A3 molecules. Based on class I alpha sequence data, these results suggest that the RG1 epitope is localized to a region of the alpha 2 helix accessible to the T cell receptor for antigen on cytotoxic T lymphocytes. Lys in position 144 and His in position 151 are apparently critical for RG1 binding.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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