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J Biol Chem. 1995 May 5;270(18):10800-5.

The proto-oncogene product c-Cbl becomes tyrosine phosphorylated by stimulation with GM-CSF or Epo and constitutively binds to the SH3 domain of Grb2/Ash in human hematopoietic cells.

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Third Department of Internal Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and erythropoietin (Epo) are hematopoietic growth factors that regulate proliferation and differentiation of hematopoietic cells. They elicit and control a cascade of biochemical events, the earliest of which is tyrosine phosphorylation of several cellular proteins. Grb2/Ash is composed of SH2 and SH3 domains. The SH2 domain binds to tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins, and the SH3 domains bind to proteins containing proline-rich regions. It is considered that Grb2/Ash functions as an adapter protein linking tyrosine kinases and Ras in downstream of receptors for growth factors in fibroblasts. However, the mechanisms of signal transduction through Grb2/Ash and the roles of proteins associated with Grb2/Ash remain to be determined in hematopoietic cells. By means of the binding experiments using the glutathione S-transferase fusion protein including the full-length Grb2/Ash, we have found that Shc and unidentified 130- and 135-kDa proteins are associated with Grb2/Ash and that they are tyrosine phosphorylated by treatment with GM-CSF or Epo in a human leukemia cell line, UT-7. We have purified the 130-kDa protein (pp130) using the glutathione S-transferase-Grb2/Ash affinity column. The amino acid sequence analysis of the three peptides derived from the in situ protease digestion of the purified pp130 showed that the pp130 was identical to the human c-cbl proto-oncogene product (c-Cbl). c-Cbl constitutively binds to the SH3 domain of Grb2/Ash both in vitro and in vivo but not to the SH2 domain of Grb2/Ash, and the binding of Grb2/Ash to c-Cbl or Sos was not altered by GM-CSF stimulation. Moreover, c-Cbl (pp130) becomes tyrosine phosphorylated rapidly and transiently depending on GM-CSF or Epo stimulation. These findings strongly suggest that c-Cbl is implicated in the signal transduction of GM-CSF or Epo in hematopoietic cells and that c-Cbl is involved in another signaling pathway different from the Ras signaling pathway.

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