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Br J Pharmacol. 1995 Feb;114(3):640-7.

Influence of age on the signal transduction pathway of non-adrenergic non-cholinergic neurotransmitters in the rat gastric fundus.

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Heymans Institute of Pharmacology, University of Gent, Belgium.


1. The influence of aging on the relaxant response and the change in cyclic nucleotide content induced by vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), nitric oxide (NO), electrical field stimulation of the non-adrenergic non-cholinergic neurones and substances acting at different levels of the cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP transduction pathways was studied in longitudinal muscle strips of the rat gastric fundus. 2. The relaxant responses to VIP, sustained electrical stimulation, forskolin and 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine were reduced with age, while the responses to dibutyryl cyclic AMP were not. The increase in cyclic AMP content induced by sustained electrical stimulation and forskolin was lower in old rats. 3. The relaxant responses to NO and to short train electrical stimulation were similar in the three age groups. The inhibitory effect of NG-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester on relaxations induced by short train electrical stimulation was more pronounced in old rats. The relaxant responses to sodium nitroprusside (SNP), 8-bromo-cyclic GMP and zaprinast were reduced with age. SNP induced a similar elevation of the cyclic GMP content in the three age groups. 4. These results suggest that aging differentially affects the cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP pathway for relaxation by VIP and NO in the rat gastric fundus, as the defect seems to occur at the level of the adenylate cyclase and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase respectively.

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