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J Neuroimmunol. 1995 Apr;58(1):61-9.

Oral administration of human or murine interferon alpha suppresses relapses and modifies adoptive transfer in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis.

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Department of Neurology 7.044, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston 77225, USA.


Chronic relapsing experimental autoimmune encephalitis (CR-EAE) is an inflammatory process of the central nervous system (CNS) that closely resembles the human disease multiple sclerosis (MS). EAE was induced in SJL/J mice and following recovery from the initial attack, animals were fed varying doses of human or murine interferon alpha (IFN-alpha), or mock IFN three times per week. After relapse, concanavalin A-activated spleen cells were transferred adoptively from orally fed animals into recipient animals. Oral administration of human or murine IFN-alpha suppressed relapse in actively immunized animals, modified adoptive transfer of EAE, and decreased mitogen/antigen proliferation and IFN-gamma secretion in both donors and recipients. IFN-alpha acts orally by modifying the encephalitogenicity of donor spleen T cells.

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