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J Biol Chem. 1995 Apr 28;270(17):10113-9.

Cooperation of calcineurin and vacuolar H(+)-ATPase in intracellular Ca2+ homeostasis of yeast cells.

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  • 1Department of Plant Sciences, Graduate School of Science, University of Tokyo, Japan.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae VMA genes, encoding essential components for the expression of vacuolar membrane H(+)-ATPase activity, are involved in intracellular ionic homeostasis and vacuolar biogenesis. We report here that the immunosuppressants FK506 and cyclosporin A cause general growth inhibition of the vma3 mutant. Upon addition of the drugs, the mutant grew neither in the presence of more than 5 mM Ca2+ nor above pH 6.0. The action of the immunosuppressants is dependent on their binding proteins and ascribable to inhibition of calcineurin activity; a mutation of a calcineurin subunit (cnb1) shows synthetic lethal interaction with the vma mutation. The addition of FK506 decreases the cytosolic free concentration of Ca2+ in the vma3 mutant cells. Consequently, FK506 induces an 8.9-fold elevation of a nonexchangeable Ca2+ pool. These results suggest that calcineurin controls calcium homeostasis by repression of Ca2+ flux into a cellular compartment(s) and that the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase is essential for cell growth cooperating with calcineurin to regulate the cytosolic free concentration of Ca2+.

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