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Int J Syst Bacteriol. 1995 Apr;45(2):290-6.

Roseobacter algicola sp. nov., a new marine bacterium isolated from the phycosphere of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima.

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Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Villefranche-sur-Mer, France.


We describe a new species on the basis of phenotypic characteristics and the results of an analysis of small-subunit rRNA sequences. Three strains of this organism were isolated from a culture of the toxin-producing dinoflagellate Prorocentrum lima. These bacteria are gram-negative, strictly aerobic, ovoid organisms that are motile by means of one or two subpolar flagella. They grow at temperatures ranging from 10 to 37 degrees C and in the presence of NaCl concentrations ranging from 0.1 to 2 M and have an absolute requirement for sodium ions. They are strictly aerobic with a nonfermentative type of metabolism and are not able to grow anaerobically in presence or absence of nitrate. They do not denitrify. They exhibit oxidase, catalase, gelatinase, esculinase, beta-galactosidase, and (to a lesser extent) amylase activities. The three strains which we examined require thiamine and biotin for growth. They grow only when glucose, trehalose, saccharose, fructose, maltose, pyruvate, malate, citrate, esculin, 2-ketoglutarate, 5-ketogluconate, glutamate, or shikimate is present as a sole carbon source. The three strains have identical small-subunit rRNA sequences. A phylogenetic analysis of these sequences revealed that these bacteria belong to the alpha subdivision of the Proteobacteria and that they form a distinct and robust monophyletic group with Roseobacter denitrificans and Roseobacter litoralis. This result and the general phenotypic characteristics of the organisms place them in the genus Roseobacter, although they do not produce bacteriochlorophyll a, in contrast to previously described Roseobacter species.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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