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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1995 Apr 6;209(1):139-45.

Effects of H2O2 on membrane potential and [Ca2+]i of cultured rat arterial smooth muscle cells.

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Department of Physiology, University of Tübingen, FRG.


The effect of 1 mmol/l H2O2 was studied on the membrane potential and [Ca2+]i with microelectrodes and the fura-2 technique, respectively. H2O2 induced a biphasic increase in [Ca2+]i with a fast transient peak and a subsequent plateau. H2O2 also led to a biphasic hyperpolarization of the cells with a similar time course. This was followed by a slight depolarization after wash-out of H2O2. External Ca2+ free solutions and treatment with the Ca2+ ionophore A23187 (1 mumol/l) abolished the effect of H2O2 on [Ca2+]i and almost entirely reduced the effect on the membrane potential. Phenylephrine (10 mumol/l) or A23187 also induced very similar biphasic hyperpolarizations of the membrane as H2O2 which were fully reversible after wash-out. It is concluded that H2O2 hyperpolarizes the membrane by opening of Ca2+ dependent K+ channels.

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