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J Leukoc Biol. 1995 Apr;57(4):651-6.

Effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and interferon-gamma on antifungal activity of human polymorphonuclear neutrophils against pseudohyphae of different medically important Candida species.

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Infectious Diseases Section, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland 20892, USA.


Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are the major host defense against pseudohyphae, the invasive form of Candida species. We studied the effects of granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) and interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) on the PMN-induced damage of pseudo-hyphae of Candida albicans, Candida tropicalis, and Candida parapsilosis in vitro by using two antifungal assays: a modified limiting dilution assay and a colorimetric metabolic 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay. PMNs from healthy volunteers were incubated with either G-CSF (100-10,000 U/ml) or IFN-gamma (10-5000 U/ml) or buffer at 37 degrees C for 90 min and their capacity to damage nonopsonized pseudohyphae was then measured. C. tropicalis appeared to be the most susceptible species, whereas C. parapsilosis showed the highest rate of resistance to PMN damage. G-CSF (500-10,000 U/ml) and IFN-gamma (100-1000 U/ml) enhanced the antifungal activity of PMNs against C. albicans pseudo-hyphae (P < .01 and P < .05). Among the others, G-CSF enhanced PMN-induced damage of C. parapsilosis at concentrations 500-10,000 U/ml (P < .05), whereas it enhanced damage of C. tropicalis only at 10,000 U/ml (P < .01). IFN-gamma (100-1000 U/ml)-primed PMNs also caused augmented damage of C. parapsilosis (P < .05) but not of C. tropicalis at the same concentrations. Species-dependent differences exist in the responses of PMNs to Candida pseudohyphae and G-CSF as well as IFN-gamma are important immunomodulators of phagocytic host defenses against them.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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