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Immunity. 1995 Apr;2(4):373-80.

Modulation of cytokine patterns of human autoreactive T cell clones by a single amino acid substitution of their peptide ligand.

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Laboratory of Molecular Immunology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.


We demonstrate that cognate peptide ligands altered at T cell receptor (TCR) contact residues and bound to class II major histocompatability complex can change the cytokine pattern of mature T cell clones. Myelin basic protein peptide 85-99-reactive Th0 T cell clones were stimulated with altered peptide ligands, which acted both as TCR antagonist and induced new mRNA synthesis and protein secretion of TGF-beta 1, while no longer inducing mRNA synthesis or protein secretion of IL-2, IL-4, IL-10, and IFN gamma. The modified peptides failed to induce a detectable calcium flux, p56lck activation, or thymidine incorporation, yet triggered nearly equal amounts of IL-4 secretion in the presence of ionomycin. Antigen-induced modulation of T cell cytokine secretion may be important in regulating the immune response.

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