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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 1995 Mar;12(3):173-85.

Chromosome analysis of 97 primary breast carcinomas: identification of eight karyotypic subgroups.

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1
Department of Clinical Genetics, Lund University Hospital, Sweden.

Abstract

Chromosome banding analysis of 97 short-term cultured primary breast carcinomas revealed clonal aberrations in 79 tumors, whereas 18 were karyotypically normal. In 34 of the 79 tumors with abnormalities, two to eight clones per case were detected; unrelated clones were present in 27 (34%) cases, whereas only related clones were found in seven. These findings indicate that a substantial proportion of breast carcinomas are of polyclonal origin. Altogether eight abnormalities were repeatedly identified both as sole chromosomal anomalies and as part of more complex karyotypes: the structural rearrangements i(1)(q10), der(1:16)(q10;p10), del(1)(q11-12), del(3)(p12-13p14-21), and del(6)(q21-22) and the numerical aberrations +7, +18, and +20. At least one of these changes was found in 41 (52%) of the karyotypically abnormal tumors. They identify a minimum number of cytogenetic subgroups in breast cancer and are likely to represent primary chromosome anomalies in this type of neoplasia. Other candidates for such a role are translocations of 3p12-13 and 4q21 with various partner chromosomes and inversions of chromosome 7, which also were seen repeatedly. Additional chromosomal aberrations that give the impression of occurring nonrandomly in breast carcinomas include structural rearrangements leading to partial monosomies for 1p, 8p, 11p, 11q, 15p, 17p, 19p, and 19q and losses of one copy of chromosomes X, 8, 9, 13, 14, 17, and 22. The latter changes were seen consistently only in complex karyotypes, however, and we therefore interpret them as being secondary anomalies acquired during clonal evolution.

PMID:
7536456
DOI:
10.1002/gcc.2870120304
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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