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Biotechnol Prog. 1995 Mar-Apr;11(2):171-7.

Constitutive overexpression of secreted heterologous proteins decreases extractable BiP and protein disulfide isomerase levels in Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 61801, USA.


High-level gene expression does not always lead to corresponding high-level secretion of heterologous proteins in yeast. The rate-limiting step in many cases has been shown to exit from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Within the ER, the correct folding of secreted proteins is required for export competence; hence, the cellular proteins involved in these events are likely to be important for efficient secretion. We have found that the extractable levels of two ER-resident proteins involved in folding--heavy chain binding protein (BiP) and protein disulfide isomerase (PDI)--are significantly reduced by prolonged constitutive overexpression of human granulocyte colony stimulating factor (GCSF), human erythropoietin, or Schizosaccharomyces pombe acid phosphatase. However, the rate of BiP synthesis measured in pulse--chase radiolabeling experiments is not reduced by GCSF overexpression, and galactose-directed transcription of the BiP gene does not restore normal BiP protein levels once they have been depleted. The observed loss of lumenal resident proteins, either by proteolysis or irreversible aggregation, is expected to contribute significantly to the inefficiency of foreign protein secretion in yeast.

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