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J Immunol. 1995 Apr 15;154(8):4157-65.

Mobilization of granules and secretory vesicles during in vivo exudation of human neutrophils.

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  • 1Department of Hematology, National University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, Copenhagen, Denmark.


The extent of mobilization of four different intracellular compartments was measured during in vivo exudation of neutrophils into skin chambers and compared with resting neutrophils obtained from blood. Exudation of neutrophils induced increased surface expression of alkaline phosphatase, complement receptor 1, and Mac-1, and a complete loss of L-selectin. The increase in the content of surface molecules in the plasma membrane is in accordance with complete mobilization of secretory vesicles. Granule matrix proteins were secreted into the chamber fluid by the exudated neutrophils and the exocytosed proteins were recovered in the skin chamber fluid. Release of gelatinase from gelatinase granules was 38.1%, lactoferrin release from specific granules was 21.9%, and myeloperoxidase release from azurophil granules was 7.0%, clearly illustrating a hierarchy in mobilization among granules. When exudate neutrophils were stimulated with FMLP, additional mobilization of granules was observed and the rank order regarding release was preserved. This is the first report to evaluate the mobilization of secretory vesicles during in vivo exudation of human neutrophils. It is shown that secretory vesicles are regulated exocytotic vesicles that are fully mobilized during in vivo exudation. Once exocytosed, secretory vesicles are not re-formed within a period of 6 h.

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