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Peptides. 1994;15(8):1421-4.

Characterization of somatostatin receptor subtypes controlling rat gastric acid and pancreatic amylase release.

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Peptide Research Laboratories, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, LA 70112.


An examination of the binding characteristics of a large number of somatostatin analogues with respect to the five known somatostatin receptor subtypes has recently resulted in the discovery of several peptides with some selectivity for types 2, 3, and 4 and little affinity for type 1 or 5 receptor. A panel of these peptides has thus far implicated type 2 receptors in the inhibition of release of pituitary growth hormone and type 4 receptors in inhibiting pancreatic insulin release. In the present article, we have examined the inhibitory effects of the same group of peptides on in vivo rat gastric acid and pancreatic amylase release and binding to rat pancreatic acinar cells. The type 2-selective ligand NC-8-12 was a potent inhibitor of gastric acid release (EC50s in the 1.5 nM region) whereas the type 4-selective ligand, DC-23-99, elicited little response. However, some involvement of type 3 receptors could not be ruled out because the type 3-selective analogue, DC-25-20, exhibited inhibitory effects at higher dose levels (EC50 > 10 nM). Conversely, the type 4 analogue was a potent inhibitor of amylase release (EC50 1.1 nM) whereas the type 3 analogue had no significant effects at doses tested. DC-23-99 also bound with high affinity to rat acinar cells (EC50 3.8 nM), whereas DC-25-20 exhibited more than 10-fold less affinity. Thus, these two major biological functions of somatostatin appear to be controlled by different receptors and, furthermore, effects on both endocrine and exocrine pancreas appear to be type 4 receptor mediated.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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