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Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1995 Mar;172(3):932-9.

The relationship between circulating androgens, obesity, and hyperinsulinemia on serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 in the polycystic ovarian syndrome.

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1
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, School of Medicine, Los Angeles 90024.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Our purpose was to evaluate the relationship of obesity, hyperinsulinemia, and hyperandrogenemia on serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels in women with the polycystic ovarian syndrome.

STUDY DESIGN:

Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1, insulin, and androgen levels were studied during a 3-hour intravenous glucose tolerance test in 16 women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (nine obese and seven nonobese) and 20 healthy control women (10 obese and 10 nonobese).

RESULTS:

Positive correlations were observed between basal (r = 0.77, p = 0.04) and area under curve (r = 0.86, p < 0.001) insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 with basal androstenedione in the nonobese women with polycystic ovarian syndrome but not in other groups of women examined or between other androgens and insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1. An inverse relationship was observed between log area under curve insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels and log body mass index in polycystic ovarian syndrome (r = -0.54, p = 0.03) and in normal women (r = -0.43, p = 0.06). The log area under curve insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 level was approximately an inverse linear function of log area under curve insulin response for both women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (r = -0.70, p < 0.001) and control women (r = -0.72, p < 0.001). Additionally, after the area under curve insulin response during intravenous glucose tolerance testing was controlled for, the decline in area under curve insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 responses was on average 66% less in both obese and nonobese women with polycystic ovarian syndrome compared with same-weight controls (95% confidence interval 110% to 270%, p = 0.04).

CONCLUSION:

These data indicate that insulin and body mass index are the major determinants of circulating insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 and that chronic hyperandrogenemia does not appear to further reduce serum insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 levels in obese or normal-weight women with polycystic ovarian syndrome.

PMID:
7534449
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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