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Vet Microbiol. 1994 Nov;42(2-3):217-27.

Preliminary analysis of the polypeptides of the salmon leukemia virus (SLV) and evidence for development of a bimodal viremia following SLV infection.

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Biology Department, Malaspina University College, Nanaimo, British Columbia, Canada.


A retrovirus, known as salmon leukemia virus (SLV), was purified from farm-reared chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) with plasmacytoid leukemia (PL). Sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) analysis of purified SLV revealed the presence of 9 virus-associated polypeptides with molecular weights from 82 kDa to 15 kDa. Endoglycosidase digestion and alcian blue staining of viral polypeptides separated by SDS-PAGE, and immunoprecipitation experiments using hyperimmune antisera suggest that the non-glycosylated 27 kDa polypeptide may represent a capsid-associated protein and the 82 kDa glycoprotein may represent an envelope-associated protein, which appears to be composed of a 67 kDa protein moiety. Fish injected with PL-positive tissue homgenate developed a bimodal viremia, as indicated by the presence of cell-free, virus-associated reverse transcriptase activity and SLV in serum of fish from 1 to 3 wk post-injection and again from 7 wk on through the rest of the study. If horizontal transmission of SLV and PL occurs in infected chinook salmon, it is most likely to occur after the second viremic period begins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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