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Thromb Haemost. 1994 Oct;72(4):519-22.

Amyloid beta-protein precursor-rich platelet microparticles in thrombotic disease.

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  • 1First Department of Internal Medicine, Kansai Medical University, Osaka, Japan.


We investigated the association of amyloid beta-protein precursor (APP) and platelet derived microparticles in 20 normal controls and 91 patients with various diseases causing a thrombotic tendency. Compared with the controls, the mean percentage of APP-positive microparticles was significantly greater in the patients with cerebral infarction (39.1 +/- 17.7%, p < 0.001), diabetes (31.1 +/- 12.6%, p < 0.001), and uremia (30.1 +/- 14.7%, p < 0.01), but not in those with hypertension (8.2 +/- 6.3%, p = NS). Sixteen patients with cerebral infarction, 20 with diabetes, and 11 with uremia had microparticles with very high APP levels. In normal controls, 7.2 +/- 3.7% of the microparticles were positive for P-selectin, while the percentage in cerebral infarction, diabetes, uremia, and hypertension was respectively 43.5 +/- 15.1%, 40.0 +/- 12.8%, 31.8 +/- 12.2%, and 11.6 +/- 7.3%. There was a significant correlation between P-selectin and APP positivity of microparticles. Our results suggest that microparticle APP may have a regulatory influence on coagulation abnormalities.

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