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Ren Physiol Biochem. 1994 Nov-Dec;17(6):294-300.

Effect of myeloma light chains on phosphate and glucose transport in renal proximal tubule cells.

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1
Department of Medicine, Tulane University School of Medicine, New Orleans, La.

Abstract

Primary cultures of cells derived from the rat proximal tubule were exposed to up to 200 microM lambda- or kappa-light chain obtained from myeloma patients. Light chains inhibited the uptake of both phosphate and glucose by the cells while albumin had no effect. The half-maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) of both the lambda- and kappa-light chains on phosphate transport were similar, 34 and 35 microM respectively. The IC50 of the kappa-light chain on glucose transport was 360 microM. The inhibitory effect of light chains was dose-dependent (r = 0.90, p < 0.01 for the lambda-light chain and r = 0.93, p < 0.001 for the kappa-light chain, on phosphate transport; and r = 0.93, p < 0.001 for glucose transport). Dixon and Line-weaver-Burk plot analyses were characteristic for noncompetitive inhibition. The inhibition constant 89 microM for phosphate uptake derived from the Dixon plot was similar to the IC50 calculated from the dose-response curves. These findings indicate that light chains, at concentrations found in the tubule fluid of a typical myeloma patient, are potent inhibitors of phosphate and glucose transport in proximal tubular cells, and that direct cell toxicity is a major mechanism of light chain nephrotoxicity.

PMID:
7533308
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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