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J Infect Dis. 1995 Mar;171(3):537-45.

High-dose nevirapine: safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral effect in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.

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Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego.


Nevirapine, a potent nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, produces a transient antiviral effect at < or = 200 mg/day due to the selection of resistant virus. To examine if higher levels of nevirapine could produce sustained antiviral activity, its safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity at 400 mg/day were studied in 21 patients. There was a rapid reduction in immune complex-dissociated p24 antigen and serum human immunodeficiency virus RNA concentration in all patients, and 8 of 10 patients had > 50% reduction at 8 weeks. Nevirapine-resistant virus was isolated from all subjects tested at 12 weeks: The mean plasma trough level (4.0 micrograms/mL [15.8 microM]) exceeded the mean IC50 of resistant virus. Rash developed in 48% of patients and was a dose-limiting toxicity factor in 6. These data suggest that clinical testing of potent antiviral compounds that select for drug-resistant virus is justified to determine if serum levels of drug sufficient to overcome resistant virus can be attained.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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