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Clin Transplant. 1994 Dec;8(6):508-15.

A prospective, randomized trial of FK-506 in renal transplantation--a comparison between double- and triple-drug therapy.

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Pittsburgh Transplantation Institute, Dept. of Surgery, University of Pittsburgh Health Science Center of Pittsburgh, PA, U.S.A.


Previous clinical evaluation of FK506 in renal transplantation has demonstrated equivalent patient and graft survival when compared with cyclosporine-based regimens. However, lower steroid and anti-hypertensive mediation requirements and lower serum cholesterol levels have been seen in patients receiving FK506. In August, 1991, a prospective, randomized trial was begun, comparing FK506/prednisone with FK506/azathioprine/prednisone. Two-hundred-and-four adults were entered into this trial between August 1, 1991, and October 11, 1992. The mean recipient age was 43.8 +/- 13.7 years, with a range of 17.6-78.0 years. Sixty-one (30%) recipients received a 2nd, 3rd or 4th transplant, while 35 (17%) had a PRA greater than 40% at the time of transplant. Thirty-three (16%) of the transplants were in recipients over 60 years of age, Thirteen percent of the kidneys were from living donors; 13% of the cadaveric kidneys were from pediatric donors less than 3 years of age and were transplanted en bloc. The mean cold ischemia time was 31.4 +/- 8.4 hours, and the mean donor age was 34 +/- 2.10 years, with a range from 4 months to 75 years. With a mean follow-up of 9 +/- 4 months, the 1-year actuarial patient survival is 93%; for the two-drug group it is 95%, and for the three-drug group it is 91% (p = NS). One-year actuarial graft survival is 86%; in the two-drug group it is 90%, while in the three-drug group it is 82% (p = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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