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J Invest Dermatol. 1995 Mar;104(3):430-3.

Mutations in the 1A domain of keratin 9 in patients with epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma.

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Department of Cell Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.


Epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma is an autosomal dominant skin disorder characterized by hyperkeratosis of the palms and soles. Ultrastructurally the disease exhibits abnormal keratin filament networks and tonofilament clumping like that found in the keratin disorders of epidermolysis bullosa simplex and epidermolytic hyperkeratosis. The disease has been mapped to chromosome 17q11-q23 in the region of the type 1 keratin gene locus and more recently mutations have been found in the palmoplantar specific keratin, keratin 9. We have analyzed six unrelated incidences of epidermolytic palmoplantar keratoderma for mutations in their keratin 9 genes. In two of these, we have identified mutations that alter critical residues within the highly conserved helix initiation motif at the beginning of the rod domain of keratin 9. In a three-generation Middle Eastern kindred we found a C to T transition at codon 162 that results in an arginine to tryptophan substitution at position 10 of the 1A alpha-helical domain, thus confirming this codon as a hot spot for mutation in keratin 9. The other mutation found involves a T to C transition at codon 167 that results in the expression of a serine residue in place of the normal leucine at position 15 of the 1A segment and is the first documentation of this mutation in this gene. The identification of these substitutions extends the current catalog of disease causing mutations in keratin 9.

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