Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Pathol. 1995 Feb;146(2):379-88.

New characterization of infectious mononucleosis and a phenotypic comparison with Hodgkin's disease.

Author information

1
Department of Pathology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio 78284-7750.

Abstract

Recent nucleic acid hybridization studies have implied that Reed-Sternberg/Hodgkin (RS/H) cells are infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) before malignant transformation, and hence, that Hodgkin's disease could develop as a consequence of malignant transformation of an EBV-infected cell. This study is a detailed immunohistochemical and in situ hybridization characterization of the various lymphoid cells in nine cases of infectious mononucleosis (IM), the acute manifestation of EBV infection. The RS/H-like cells of IM were similar in most respects to their morphologically identical counterparts in Hodgkin's disease; they expressed the EBV-encoded protein LMP1, EBV EBER1 transcripts, and CD30 and rarely, if ever, expressed CD45/LCA or T cell markers. Dissimilarities were limited to CD15 negativity and the absence of a collarette of T cells around the RS/H-like cells of IM compared with their Hodgkin's counterparts. Expression of the immortalizing bcl-2 oncoprotein was variable in the RS/H-like cells of IM, as has been demonstrated in the RS/H cells of Hodgkin's disease by other investigators. An apoptosis assay suggested that many apoptotic cells in IM were EBV-infected T cells, in keeping with the previous in vitro observation that IM-derived T cells succumb to apoptosis. Additionally, the apoptosis assay suggested that RS/H-like cells of IM can succumb to programmed cell death, reminiscent of the mummified RS/H cells seen in Hodgkin's disease. The accumulation of evidence suggests that RS/H-like cells of IM are more similar to true RS/H cells than previously recognized.

PMID:
7531953
PMCID:
PMC1869866
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center