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J Pediatr. 1995 Feb;126(2):230-3.

Binding of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to respiratory epithelial cells from patients with various mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator.

Author information

1
Department of Pediatrics, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY 10032.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To determine whether there is an association between mutations of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) and the predilection of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) for Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection.

METHOD:

We quantified the adherence of P. aeruginosa PA01, labeled with sulfur 35-methionine, to epithelial monolayers derived from nasal scrapings of patients with specific CFTR mutations, and of carriers and normal subjects.

RESULTS:

Adherence of P. aeruginosa to epithelial cells from patients with CF was significantly greater than to cells from either carriers (t = 2.94; p = 0.009) or normal subjects (t = 3.32; p = 0.004). Adherence to epithelial cells from patients with CF who were homozygous for the delta F508 mutation ranged from 12% to 35% (mean, 23.7%) of the added inoculum, which was significantly greater than the binding to cells from patients with other mutations, which ranged from 3% to 18% (mean, 9.4%; t = 3.71; p = 0.002), from heterozygote carriers (3% to 11%; mean, 7.9%; t = 4.87; p = 0.002), or from normal subjects (2% to 10%: mean, 7.0%; t = 5.21; p = 0.002).

CONCLUSION:

Adherence to P. aeruginosa can be correlated with homozygosity for the delta 508 mutation; CFTR dysfunction may be one of the factors involved in the pathogenesis of pulmonary infection in CF.

PMID:
7531240
DOI:
10.1016/s0022-3476(95)70549-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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