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J Histochem Cytochem. 1995 Feb;43(2):125-35.

Expression of proteoglycans and hyaluronan during wound healing.

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1
Department of Periodontology, University of Turku, Finland.

Abstract

We investigated the expression of proteoglycans (PGs) and hyaluronan (HA) during healing of human mucosal wounds. Biopsy specimens of experimental wounds were taken 1, 3, and 7 days after wounding. Frozen sections were used for immunolocalization of CD44, syndecan-1, basement membrane-associated heparan sulfate proteoglycan (BM-HSPG), decorin, and biglycan. HA was localized in paraffin sections with a specific HA-binding probe. Epithelium showed first signs of migration on Day 1, more progressive migration on Day 3, and epithelial sheets confronted on Day 7. CD44 surrounded migrating keratinocytes at all stages of wound healing. In epithelium, CD44 and HA remarkably localized to the same region. Expression of syndecan-1 was switched from the suprabasal cell layer of unwounded epithelium to the basal cell layer of the migrating wound epithelium. BM-HSPG was absent under migrating keratinocytes. It started to reappear at the basement membrane zone on Day 7. The area under the wound epithelium containing newly synthesized collagen fibers first became positive for decorin on Day 7, whereas staining of biglycan was negative. Granulation tissue was also strongly positive for CD44 and hyaluronan. Our results indicate that migrating keratinocytes express both CD44 and syndecan-1 but not BM-HSPG. During differentiation of keratinocytes, expression of CD44 preceded that of syndecan-1. The results suggest that different HSPGs have multiple functions in keratinocyte migration and differentiation during reepithelialization.

PMID:
7529785
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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