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Pediatr Res. 1994 Oct;36(4):528-36.

Ontogeny of insulin-like growth factor-binding protein-1, -2, and -3: quantitative measurements by radioimmunoassay in human fetal serum.

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1
Department of Endocrinology, Karolinska Hospital, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

There is evidence for a role for IGF-I in the endocrine control of human fetal growth despite the low serum IGF-I concentrations. The formation in serum of binary complexes between IGF-I or -II and either of six IGF binding proteins (IGFBP-1 to -6) and, in particular, of long-lived ternary complexes between IGF-I or -II, IGFBP-3, and acid-labile subunit is thought to regulate IGF-I bioavailability by increasing its serum half-life. The present study assesses the bioavailability of circulating IGF-I in 19- to 35-wk gestation human fetuses in utero 1) by quantitative RIA measurements of IGF and IGFBP in serum and 2) by examining whether serum proteolysis of IGFBP-3 may further increase IGF-I bioavailability. Fetal serum concentrations of IGFBP-3, IGF-I, and IGF-II were low with marked or only modest increases with gestational age (p < 0.001, p < 0.005, and p < 0.05, respectively). The mean molar ratio between IGF-I plus -II and IGFBP-3 demonstrated a molar excess of IGF (50%) similar to that in adolescents but in contrast to the 1:1 molar ratio in adults. The median IGFBP-2 concentration was 3-fold elevated to a molar concentration similar to that of IGFBP-3 (adult serum displays 10-fold higher IGFBP-3 concentrations). The median serum IGFBP-1 concentration was not elevated as previously reported in newborns. IGFBP-3 protease activity was not increased in fetal serum, in contrast to pregnancy serum and amniotic fluid.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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