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Exp Brain Res. 1994;100(2):239-49.

Subthreshold rectification in neostriatal spiny projection neurons.

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1
Departamento de Neurociencias, UNAM, Mexico City DF, Mexico.

Abstract

Intracellular recordings from slice preparations were used to assess the subthreshold electrophysiological behavior of rat neostriatal projection neurons. Both current steps and ramp currents were used to estimate the current-voltage relationship (I-V plot). Inward rectification in the subthreshold range was a characteristic of most neurons. The amount of rectification varied greatly, and it was complex: membrane voltage trajectories in response to ramps were made up by almost piece-wise changes in the rate of voltage rise, suggesting that multiple conductances contribute to the subthreshold range. Inward current blockers such as tetrodotoxin (TTX) or Cd2+ decreased inward rectification, whereas outward current blockers such as tetraethylammonium (TEA) or 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) increased inward rectification. However, most inward rectification was due to TEA- and Cs(+)-sensitive conductances and not to TTX- or Cd(2+)-sensitive conductances. Cs(+)-sensitive conductances predominated at more negative membrane potentials, whereas 4-AP-sensitive conductances predominated at just +/- 10 mV below the firing threshold. In spite of a very slow activation, there was evidence for transient outward currents modulating the response, i.e., 4-AP-sensitivity, and voltage-sensitivity for firing frequency and threshold. TEA-sensitive conductances also contributed toward fixing the firing threshold. These results imply the contribution of various ion conductances on the shaping of the characteristic physiological firing recorded in vivo. Modulation of these responses by transmitters or peptides may help to understand neural processing in the neostriatum.

PMID:
7529193
DOI:
10.1007/bf00227194
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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