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Mol Microbiol. 1994 Aug;13(3):427-34.

The rfb locus from Pseudomonas aeruginosa strain PA103 promotes the expression of O antigen by both LPS-rough and LPS-smooth isolates from cystic fibrosis patients.

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1
Channing Laboratory, Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts 02115-5899.

Abstract

Strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa initially isolated from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) often express a smooth lipopolysaccharide (LPS) containing many long O side-chain antigens, but once a chronic infection is established, strains recovered from these patients express little or no LPS O antigen. The genetic basis for this loss of O antigen expression by P. aeruginosa CF isolates is unknown. We report here that 20 CF isolates of P. aeruginosa, 13 of which are LPS-rough, were each capable of expressing serogroup O11 antigen when provided with the rfb locus from P. aeruginosa serogroup O11 strain PA103 on the recombinant plasmid pLPS2. Eight of the thirteen LPS-rough isolates co-expressed another, presumably endogenous, O antigen when they contained pLPS2. Different subcloned regions of pLPS2 complemented distinct strains to restore endogenous O antigen expression. These data suggest that the loss of O antigen expression by P. aeruginosa CF isolates results from alterations specific to the rfb region, and is not due to mutations involving other loci or ancillary LPS genes.

PMID:
7527892
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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