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Endocrinology. 1994 Dec;135(6):2558-67.

Expression and regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein messenger ribonucleic acid levels in tissues of hypophysectomized rats infused with IGF-I and growth hormone.

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Department of Internal Medicine, University Hospital Zurich, Switzerland.


The expression and regulation of insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) and IGF-binding protein-2 (IGFBP-2), -3, -4, and -5 messages were studied in liver, kidney, spleen, thymus, heart, brain, skeletal muscle, testes, and epididymal (white) adipose tissue (WAT) from hypophysectomized rats infused with saline, recombinant human (rh) IGF-I, or rhGH and compared with tissue messenger RNA (mRNA) levels in age-matched normal rats. The IGF-I message was present in all of these tissues. It was most abundant in liver and WAT, but was barely detectable in kidney, brain, and thymus. GH dependence was most pronounced in liver, skeletal muscle, and WAT and less so in heart, testes, kidney, spleen, and thymus. The IGF-I message in brain was not influenced by hypophysectomy. IGF-I infusion induced a small increase in its own mRNA in skeletal muscle and WAT, whereas it decreased its own message in liver. IGFBPs were expressed in a tissue-specific manner; IGFBP-2 mRNA was most abundant in testes and hypophysectomized liver, IGFBP-3 mRNA was most abundant in spleen, kidney, WAT, and liver, IGFBP-4 mRNA was most abundant in liver, and IGFBP-5 mRNA was most abundant in kidney, WAT, and skeletal muscle. After hypophysectomy, significant decreases in IGFBP expression were observed in liver (except IGFBP-2), skeletal muscle, brain, WAT (except IGFBP-4), and testes (except IGFBP-2), in contrast to heart, kidney, spleen, and thymus. GH infusion did not affect IGFBP-2 mRNA levels in liver (in contrast to IGF-I infusion) or brain. Like GH, IGF-I normalized IGFBP-3 mRNA levels in liver, but, in contrast to GH, had no effect on IGFBP-5 mRNA in WAT. It was considerably less effective than GH in raising IGFBP-5 mRNA levels in skeletal muscle. Thus, GH infusion can exert different effects on IGF-I and IGFBP expression than infused rhIGF-I. Differences may be due to direct actions of GH at the tissue level, including auto/paracrine effects of locally produced IGF-I.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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