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Virchows Arch. 1994;424(1):13-7.

Serous oligocystic and ill-demarcated adenoma of the pancreas: a variant of serous cystic adenoma.

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Department of Pathology, Academic Hospital Jette, Free University of Brussels, Belgium.


Serous cystic tumours of the pancreas are uncommon and are usually classified as microcystic adenomas (MCA). As new types of serous cystic tumours of this organ have been reported we reviewed a series of 14 lesions and from macroscopic findings two groups were distinguished: ten tumours revealed the features of MCA, while four were clearly distinct from MCA. Grossly, the latter tumours showed only few cysts which were irregularly assembled in fibrous stroma. On the cut surface, there was neither a central stellate scar nor a circumscribed tumour border, features characterizing MCA. Microscopically, the cysts were lined by cuboidal, non-mucin-producing cells. Immunocytochemical staining for cytokeratins 7, 8, 18 and 19 revealed a ductal phenotype. All non-MCA were found in the head of the pancreas and three of them occurred in men. There were no tumour recurrences or signs or malignant transformation after resection (mean follow-up, 2.9 years). These results suggest that there are serous cystic tumours distinct from MCA which may represent another variant of the category of serous cystic adenomas of the pancreas. We propose the term serous oligocystic and ill-demarcated adenoma (SOIA) for these tumours. It is possible that the recently described macrocystic sybtype of serous cystadenoma and SOIA and variants of the same tumour.

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